“Anxiety in a man’s heart weighs him down, but a good word makes him glad. “ Proverbs 12:25
“Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, that by testing you may discern what is the will of God, what is good and acceptable and perfect.” Romans 12:2
“Of course it is happening inside your head, Harry, but why on earth should that mean that it is not real?” J.K. Rowling, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
Psychology gives students the opportunity to explore and investigate a subject that at GCSE they haven’t had the opportunity to undertake. What interests them the most about this subject is gaining the ability to study people: how they think, act, react, and interact. As Psychologists scientifically study all kinds of behaviour and the thoughts, feelings, and motivations of that behaviour. So by studying this subject in Year 12 and Year 13 it allows students to examine questions like:
By collecting information about what people do, think, and feel, throughout the AQA curriculum it is our aim try to answer questions about human behaviour.
Because Psychology is an interdisciplinary subject that draws on the Sciences and the Humanities by applying scientific methods and theories to understand human behaviour. It relates to everyday life by addressing topics such as learning, memory and group behaviour but in order to understand Psychology, we use curriculum links to aspects of Biology, Ethics, Philosophy and other curriculum areas. All this combined makes Psychology a most fascinating subject to study, but also gives our students a wide range of skills. As they are expected to describe and evaluate studies, present their viewpoints to the class through role play and debates, work in teams as well as individually to construct essays and gain a thorough knowledge of the 11 units, which at the end of two years are cumulates in three two hour exams.
This means that students must have automaticity in their learning; this is established through everyday use of whiteboards and Assessment For Learning (AFL) testing students so that key terms, names, evaluation points become commonplace and embedded in their memory. Whether this is through repetition, or creating deeper processing of our learning (Craik and Lockhart, 1972). Frequently we see student’s shallow process information (reading the word/letters) rather than creating a meaningful storage. This is why making plans in lessons, creating mind maps and flashcards and using revision guides as well as constant assessment through homework and end of topic examinations is crucial for students, all of which is enhanced through the use of metacognition in lessons. So that students can progress and ensure the transition of information from Year 12 to Year 13 and thus remains in their long term memory (see curriculum plan).
At KS5 we undertake A level AQA Psychology. It offers students a variety of different learning capabilities, which enable students to have real life application. Such as Eyewitness Testimony and the impact this has on the police and justice system, as well as exploring common disorders such as depression and OCD and how these disorders can be explained.
By using AQA it enables students to progress seamlessly if they so choose onto BPS approved University Psychology courses. As many of the units taught at this level have a basis within the AQA specification. This specification also allows the teacher in Year 13 to have a choice over the topics taught. E.g. in Paper 3 Section B- students can be taught Relationships, Gender or Cognition and Development. Enabling the teacher to change the course to suit the learner’s needs. Currently eight of the eleven topics are mandatory, but many of the Year 12 content is developed in the Year 13 curriculum. Within Paper 3 the decision has been made to teach Relationships, Schizophrenia and Addiction. Schizophrenia and Addiction directly relates to the Psychopathology and Approaches topics as well as the Biopsychology one taught at the beginning of year 13. Relationships is a topic students thoroughly enjoy and are most excited to study within Year 13, as it the one topic they can relate and see a greater understanding of human romantic behaviour.
As you can see from the curriculum plan and the breakdown and sequence of units, it is paramount that Research Methods (RM) is taught at the beginning of Year 12. As without this student’s will not be able to evaluate the research studies or theories being used in the different topic areas. Each topic besides RM can be taught independently. The decision to teach Memory after research methods is due to the practical elements of course such as engaging in the memory experiments, and role plays in presenting a defence for a criminal investigation. Social influence is a fascinating topic and makes up another part of Paper 1. By doing this after the Cognition elements allows students to explore a different side of Psychology where we see the impact that History has had in influencing society and thus Psychology, this then is followed by Attachment which looks at the impact our parents have on our development and the factors that can affect it. These topics including aspects of RM make up the AS Paper 1. At the end of each topic area they have an end of unit test (roughly two weeks later) and homework is set every week on firefly (see curriculum plan). Next students recap of the Approaches topic before they are taught Psychopathology as both units are linked together, as students must have a detailed understanding of the Approaches to then explain how each disorder can be described and treated (this makes up AS Paper 2). Again students have end of topic tests on each unit which is then build upon, increasing students to be tested on two topic areas within the hour which will then increase to three topics in an hour and half. Tested in the end of Year 12 mocks. After mocks students study Issues and debates which enable them to recap and use all the topics studied in Year 12 as evaluation for this unit of work.
Within Year 13, ensuring progression is crucial. Students are informed at the end of Year 12 they will be tested on four units again at the end of September. Social influence, Memory Attachment and Psychopathology A2 Paper 1. At the beginning of Year 13 we recap on the Biological Approach taught in Year 12(Neurons, Endocrine System, Nervous System etc.) before we move onto the rest of the topic. Students are set Biopsychology homework over the summer which must be brought with them to every Biopsychology lesson.
Inferential statistics which is taught alongside Biopsychology make up the final parts of A2 Paper 2. Biopsychology is then assessed with an end of unit test and then all aspects of Paper 2 are assessed again in November (Approaches, Biopsychology and Research Methods). Addiction is taught next followed by Schizophrenia both draw on aspects of the Approaches and Psychopathology topics and Biopsychology as students need to know the neurological elements and behaviour explanations for these disorders. Each topic is assessed in an end of topic test. They then sit Paper 1 and Paper 2 again in Year 13 Mock week, Relationships is then taught to students drawing the end of Year 13 to a close followed by Issues and Debates which then acts as a perfect revision for all the units studied. Students then sit a Paper 3 mock testing their knowledge on Issues and Debates, Relationships, Schizophrenia and Addiction.
As you can see linear assessment is essential for students to retain the information from each year, which is supported by homework, exam questions, presentations, role plays, end of topic tests as well as end of paper tests, which enhance students oral, literacy, reading and especially numerical skills through RM.
Each student at the beginning of the year are presented with a new purple folder, access to the online login details for the Year 12 and Year 13 textbooks, as well as a library pass system with the revision guides and in class textbook which can be taken home and used.
All lessons and materials are on the curriculum area and wider reading, revision techniques, structure of the course and materials are also on firefly, which is where all homework’s and assessments are set for students.
All students are also supported through booklets for each topic area, rather than writing out pointlessly the materials on the board, this information is readily given to students with activities to extend their learning and understanding. This then provides opportunities in class for the more able to complete extension pieces of writing, exam questions, scenarios etc. this is also supported through questioning within the classroom, differentiation of materials and through the feedback sheets which accompany essays, homework’s and assessments.
Intervention is given in class through one to one feedback, through the use of red pen and the development of students’ knowledge and understanding. There is also excellent communications with parents, with A1s being sent home for students reaching and achieving their target grade, parents are also informed when students fall below their target grade. With phone calls and meetings with parents held if students regularly underperform.
YLLs are made aware of student’s success and under achievement, so they can monitor and be updated on their progress throughout the year.
Reports on examinations are also created for the end of Year 12 exams, and all exams in Year 13 (September, November, February and April) which student’s areas that went well within the exam and areas that they need to focus and improve upon. After school sessions are also held every Tuesday (week 1- year 12 and week 2- year 13) with specific sessions on revision for end of topic exams. Also revision days on statistics and research methods are held with year 13, as this is an area that they often struggle with.
Cross curricular integration
Due to Psychology only being taught at A level, it is important for students to be able to see the links to other subjects that they have been taught at GCSE. Psychology encompasses a lot of different subjects such as Geography and Maths, that when immersed with Psychology allows them to develop this knowledge further.
Maths Edexcel- content linked to Psychology:
Biology GCSE- exam board AQA content linked to Psychology:
Biology A level AQA content linked to Psychology:
All of these aspects are covered within Biopsychology in Year 12 and in Year 13, as well as students needing to understand the role genetics and neurochemistry play in the explanations of disorders such as OCD, Schizophrenia, Addiction and evolutionary explanations of parental investment in the topic of Relationships.
Geography A level AQA content linked to Psychology:
Links to aspects of research methods and psychological investigations is a requirement for all students within Psychology, as you can clearly see from the specification requirements in the document named breakdown and sequence of units which has the specification requirements for each unit. The RM unit directly relates to geography and the material taught at Year 12 and Year 13. Also students need to be aware of different countries, locations and child rearing practices within these, which directly relates to the Attachment topic.
Media studies- AQA A level- content linked to Psychology taught at Year 12/13
Students in Psychology have to explore Virtual relationships in social media and the role of self-disclosure and identify formation and how this can lead to Parasocial relationships and celebrity addictions, which is taught in our Relationships year in 13.
Business Studies- A level Edexcel content linked to Psychology
Students within the Approaches topic must explore the Humanistic Perspective and Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs when applied to mental health, and what is deemed mentally healthy and how an individual can achieve self-actualisation, as the lower levels such as physiological; and safety needs must be satisfied before reach psychological needs such as self-esteem.
PE AQA A level- taught in Year 12/13 content linked to Psychology
Students are taught similar aspects in both Year 12 and Year 13 between PE and Psychology. Above shows the direct links to each topic area. Learning and Memory models are taught simultaneously with PE in Year 12, aspects of Bandura, Nervous system and effects of drugs enhance students’ knowledge when entering year 13 PE as this material is already taught in Year 12.
History Edexcel GCSE/A level content linked to Psychology
Knowing events in History, and how individuals/groups of people have risen to power, is crucial for the Social Influence topic. AS this directly looks at the reason for the holocaust, is this due to situational variables of personal ones, what reasons/alibis did people give. How did people resist the pressure to conform or obey and how individuals like Rosa Parks can cause minority social change? This is taught within the first term and links directly to concepts explore within GCSE History.
Theology A level OCR content linked to Psychology
Psychology within the approaches topic teaches students about the Psychodynamic perspective and Freud and his view on mental health and the development of disorders such as OCD being due to an imbalance within the personality and childhood experiences. Within Issues and debates in Year 12 and Year 13 we talk about freewill vs determinism and moral arguments directly linking to Theology and the debates which arise in this topic areas as well as evolution and nature vs nurture.
Transition learning opportunities
In previous years assemblies have been delivered to Year 11 students on Psychology and what it entails before Information Evening later in the year. This allowed students to gain a grasp and an overview before speaking individually to students. Information evening provides a good basis for students to find out about Psychology speaking to Year 12 students and giving a realistic viewpoint of the course. Psychology teachers are always present at A level results days and GCSE results day to talk and sign up students in August top start September with the entry requirements.
The nature of Psychology enables students to apply the many facets of the subject to a variety of career choices, such as statistics and accounting, biopsychology to nursing/medical degrees. The role of attachment in writing storylines, or developing characters through researching disorders such as depression, or reasons for aggression. Psychology relates to lots of University degrees, some of which have specific psychology units/modules of study. Outside of the psychology classroom (EM6) a careers board is displayed about how Psychology could relate to future opportunities, as well as undertaking role play, debates and impact psychology has on careers such as the police and eye witness testimony.
General qualifications are designed to prepare students for a wide range of occupations and further study. Therefore our qualifications must assess a wide range of competences.
The subject criteria have been assessed to see if any of the skills or knowledge required present any possible difficulty to any students, whatever their ethnic background, religion, sex, age, disability or sexuality. If any difficulties were encountered, the criteria were reviewed again to make sure that tests of specific competences were only included if they were important to the subject.
As members of the Joint Council for Qualifications (JCQ) we participate in the production of the JCQ document Access Arrangements and Reasonable Adjustments: General and Vocational qualifications. We follow these guidelines when assessing the needs of individual students who may require an access arrangement or reasonable adjustment. This document is published on the JCQ website at jcq.org.uk
Students with disabilities and special needs
We can make arrangements for disabled students and students with special needs to help them access the assessments, as long as the competences being tested are not changed. Access arrangements must be agreed before the assessment. For example, a Braille paper would be a reasonable adjustment for a Braille reader but not for a student who does not read Braille.
We are required by the Equality Act 2010 to make reasonable adjustments to remove or lessen any disadvantage that affects a disabled student. If you have students who need access arrangements or reasonable adjustments, you can apply using the Access arrangements online service at aqa.org.uk/eaqa Special consideration. We can give special consideration to students who have been disadvantaged at the time of the assessment through no fault of their own – for example a temporary illness, injury or serious problem such as the death of a relative. We can only do this after the assessment. Your exams officer should apply online for special consideration at aqa.org.uk/eaqa
How we apply this at The Catholic High School Chester:
All reasonable adjustments are adhered to as advised by AQA, are present in our teaching practices and communication to both students and parents. Within Psychology, we use a range of different quality first teaching strategies to help support and guide students. This is achieved through CPD with our SENCO and SEND information provided on Sims on the best teaching and learning strategies to maximise each student’s potential. Assessment for Learning is vital to help students succeed. This is differentiated based on student’s needs, for example in the use of white boards, extra time or the use of laptops, modelling of answers from both peers and teachers.
The use of work booklets and resources (set on the curriculum areas as well as Firefly) enables students to be organised and prepared for their lessons, reducing anxiety over lesson content and the amount of note writing as the resources are already pre-printed at the beginning of each topic. Linear assessments build on students’ knowledge and understanding throughout Year 12 and into Year 13, as well as end of topic tests that identify areas of strengths and areas that need to be improved. These areas of improvement become intervention strategies to consolidate students’ knowledge in class and in after school sessions to ensure “understanding of assessment criteria” (Ofsted 2021) Students are encouraged and praised, which is communicated through the use ATL points via SIMs in touch.
Key terms and level 3 knowledge are referenced through the lesson and refereed to within levels of grade boundaries and mark schemes.
Cultural capital is the accumulation of knowledge, behaviours, and skills that a student can draw upon and which demonstrates their cultural awareness, knowledge and competence; it is one of the key ingredients a student will draw upon to be successful in society, their career and the world around them.
Cultural Capital can be clearly seen in our work with Mental Health disorders and the differences between the measurements of disorders between the ICD10 (Europe) and the DSM5 (USA), and how different cultures perceive and define mental illness. In Africa being a ‘shaman’ is revered and seen as the highest honour, but in western societies hearing voices is often concerning. Students explore this through topics such as Attachment, by observing children in different countries and their attachment types giving insight into parenting practices and how this differs between cultures. Within Psychology, students study topics such as Aggression, Social Influence and Relationships among others. This wide range of content gives students a greater understanding of how our behaviour can be impacted through our learning, experiences, and cultural norms. Investigating how these practices vary between countries altering our viewpoint on what may traditionally be called ‘normal’.
Catholic Social Teaching (CST) relates to the entirety of Psychology and how examples of oppression e.g. Milgram and Zimbardo’s study can be used to change and benefit society and how these explanations of behaviour can be used to educate future generations on how not to behave and instead encourage well rounded citizens who are concerned with the common good and care for creation. The impact of psychological research and events that have happened in history such as genocide in Germany and Mai Lai alongside investigating disorders such as Schizophrenia, OCD and Depression encourage the values of solidarity and common good.
Homework will be made up of exam questions, apply it questions, projects to demonstrate students knowledge and understanding, essay questions, exam papers are to name a few of the examples given to students. Homework is set each week on firefly, below shows what knowledge will be used to complete the homework’s each month.
|Homework on Approaches and Research Methods
|Homework on Biopsychology and Research Methods and Paper 1 exam
|Homework on Research Methods and Memory
|Homework on Biopsychology and Research Methods
|Homework on Memory
|Homework on Paper 2 Exam
|Homework on Social Influence
|Homework on Schizophrenia
|Homework on Social Influence
|Homework on Paper 1 and Paper 2 exam
|Homework on Attachment
|Homework on Relationships
|Homework on Psychopathology
|Homework on Aggression
|Homework on Research Methods
|Homework on issues and Debates
|Homework AS Paper 1 and Paper 2 exams
|Homework on Paper 3 exam
|Preparation for AS exams
|Homework on Issue and Debates
Biopsychology summer project set
Grade descriptors (Approx.)
|What do I need to do?
|Accurate and detailed A01. Effective A03. Clear and coherent structure. Key terms used. Minor errors allowed. A02 is effectively referenced.
|Evidence of A01 with some focus to the question. Some effective A03. Mostly clear and structured. Key terms sometimes correctly used. Occasional errors. A02 is mostly effective.
|A01 is evident but limited and it’s not focused to the question. A03 is not effective. Answer is not clear. Lacks accuracy and organisation. Key terms are used inappropriately. A02 is partly effective.
|A01 and A03 are limited, poorly focused or absent. The answer lacks clarity, has many inaccuracies and limited structure. Key terms are absent or inaccurately used. A02 is limited or absent.